Ist Of India The current time and date right now

Die indische Standardzeit ist die in ganz Indien beobachtete Zeitzone mit einem Zeitversatz von UTC + Indien beobachtet keine Sommerzeit oder andere saisonale Anpassungen. In der Militär- und Luftfahrtzeit wird IST als E * bezeichnet. Exact time now, time zone, time difference, sunrise/sunset time and key facts for India Standard Time (IST). India Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of the Coordinated Universal Time standard, written as an offset of UTC + Emperor of India (Kaiser(in) von Indien). Kolonialflagge Britisch-Indiens. wurde in Bombay der Indian National Congress (Kongresspartei) gegründet. Er. Bei den Government of India Acts handelt es sich um mehrere, während der Kolonialzeit erlassene, Grundgesetze in Britisch-Indien. Alle regelten die.

Ist Of India

Bei den Government of India Acts handelt es sich um mehrere, während der Kolonialzeit erlassene, Grundgesetze in Britisch-Indien. Alle regelten die. India Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of the Coordinated Universal Time standard, written as an offset of UTC + India Time and France Time Converter Calculator, India Time and France Time Conversion Table.

Indian army. Sources said Ajit Mohan was questioned by ruling as well as opposition members of the committee, he gave an oral reply to some questions while he has been given nearly 90 questions, to which he has.

At around 6. A group was engaged in Cross- LOC trade of vegetables and fruits and had unaccounted cash of Rs 15 lakh. The crowd inside the train as well as at the station and platform will be monitored through CCTV from the Control Rooms.

If more crowd is observed, entry at the station will be restricted. The 'receipt and payment account' showed nearly Rs 3, Addressing an online media briefing, the Union Housing and Urban Affairs Minister said that all metro lines will become operational by September Congress leader Shashi Tharoor tweeted, "Questioning the government is the oxygen of parliamentary democracy.

This Govt seeks to reduce Parliament to a notice-board and uses its crushing majority as. In a circular, the MoHFW said that it's vital to plan and conduct the examinations while following specific preventive measures.

Pakistan damaged several structures when it targetted civilian areas during ceasefire violation along the Line of Control LoC in Bandipora district of Jammu and Kashmir.

A high altitude lake on the upper Chandra valley flowing to the Chandra river of the Western Himalayas 4,m asl. These species, over the years, have developed special physiological features as adaption strategies to cold arid climate, intense radiation, and oxygen deficiency.

Other threatening factors to this fragile and sparse vegetation are summer trekking, littering waste, and lack of sanitation facilities. Since declaring the site a nationally important wetland in , the authorities have been providing funds for ecotourism facilities.

Spiti Forest Department is the custodian and State Council of Science, Technology and Environment is coordinating conservation management.

Chilka Lake Chilika Lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1, km2.

It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world. The lagoon hosts over species of birds in the peak migratory season.

In , Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

In November , the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award was presented to the Chilika Development Authority for "outstanding achievements in the field of restoration and wise use of wetlands and effective participation of local communities in these activities.

White bellied sea eagles, greylag geese, purple moorhen, jacana, flamingos, egrets, gray and purple herons, Indian roller, storks, white ibis, spoonbills, brahminy ducks, shovellers, pintails, and more.

Nalbana Island is the core area of the Ramsar designated wetlands of Chilika Lake. Nalbana was notified in and declared a bird sanctuary in under the Wildlife Protection Act.

The Irrawaddy dolphin Orcaella brevirostris is the flagship species of Chilika lake. Chilka is home to the only known population of Irrawaddy dolphins in India[32] and one of only two lagoons in the world that are home to this species.

A permanent freshwater lake in a former channel of the Brahmaputra river, of great biological importance and also essential as the only major storm water storage basin for the city of Guwahati.

The beel is a staging site on migratory flyways and some of the largest concentrations of aquatic birds in Assam can be seen, especially in winter.

Some globally threatened birds are supported, including Spotbilled Pelican Pelicanus philippensis , Lesser and Greater Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus and dubius , and Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri.

The 50 fish species present provide livelihoods for a number of surrounding villages, and nymphaea nuts and flowers, as well as ornamental fish, medicinal plants, and seeds of the Giant water lily Euryale ferox provide major revenue sources in local markets; orchids of commercial value are found in the neighboring forest.

Potential threats include over-fishing and hunting pressure upon waterbirds, pollution from pesticides and fertilizers, and infestation by water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes.

A proposal to create a sewage canal from the city directly to the beel is considered to be disastrous in its potential effects.

West Bengal. World-renowned as a model of a multiple use wetland, the site's resource recovery systems, developed by local people through the ages, have saved the city of Kolkata from the costs of constructing and maintaining waste water treatment plants.

The wetland forms an urban facility for treating the city's waste water and utilizing the treated water for pisciculture and agriculture, through the recovery of nutrients in an efficient manner - the water flows through fish ponds covering about 4, ha, and the ponds act as solar reactors and complete most of their bio-chemical reactions with the help of solar energy.

Thus the system is described as "one of the rare examples of environmental protection and development management where a complex ecological process has been adopted by the local farmers for mastering the resource recovery activities" RIS.

The wetland provides about tons of fresh vegetables daily, as well as some 10, tons of table fish per year, the latter providing livelihoods for about 50, people directly and as many again indirectly.

The fish ponds are mostly operated by worker cooperatives, in some cases in legal associations and in others in cooperative groups whose tenurial rights are under legal challenge.

A potential threat is seen in recent unauthorized use of the waste water outfall channels by industries which add metals to the canal sludge and threaten the edible quality of the fish and vegetables.

Ramsar site no. Most recent RIS information: A shallow water reservoir with thirteen islands, at the confluence of two rivers. An important site for breeding, wintering and staging birds, supporting over , Anatidae ducks, geese, swans, etc.

The entire lake is leased on an annual basis to commercial fishery organizations. Jammu and Kashmir.

Located in the northwest Himalayan biogeographic province of Kashmir, back of the snow-draped Pir Panchal 1,m asl. It is an important source of food, spawning ground and nursery for fishes, besides offering feeding and breeding ground to a variety of water birds.

Typical marshy vegetation complexes inhabit like Typha, Phragmites, Eleocharis, Trapa, and Nymphoides species ranging from shallow water to open water aquatic flora.

Sustainable exploitation of fish, fodder and fuel is significant, despite water withdrawals since Potential threats include recent housing facilities, littered garbage, and demand for increasing tourist facilities.

A permanent stream, the Kali Bein, converted by construction of a small barrage in into a water storage area for irrigation purposes.

The site fulfils Criteria 3 because of its importance in supporting a considerable diversity of aquatic, mesophytic, and terrestrial flora and fauna in the biogeographical region, and acts also as a key regulator of groundwater discharge and recharge with the seasons.

By this means and by direct abstraction of water for irrigation by the local population, the site plays a crucial role in the agriculture which predominates on the surrounding fertile plain, with fewer pressures upon water supplies than elsewhere in the Punjab.

The invasive water hyacinth is present and must be removed from time to time; increasing pollution levels, deforestation in the catchment area, and excessive grazing are seen as potential threats.

The stream is considered to be the most significant in the state from the religious point of view, as it is associated with the first guru of the Sikhs, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

The stream itself and surrounding marsh is under provincial ownership and surrounding areas privately owned. The site is a center for environmental tourism and picnicking.

A complex of ten artificial, seasonal lagoons, varying in size, situated in a densely populated region. Vegetation is a mosaic of scrub and open grassland that provides habitat for breeding, wintering and staging migratory birds.

Also supported are five species of ungulates, four species of cats, and two species of primates, as well as diverse plants, fish and reptiles.

The canal provides water for agriculture and domestic consumption. Cattle and water buffalo graze on the site. A field research station exists.

Placed on the Montreux Record in due to "water shortage and an unbalanced grazing regime". Additionally, the invasive growth of the grass Paspalum distichum has changed the ecological character of large areas of the site, reducing its suitability for certain waterbird species, notably the Siberian crane.

The Reserve is a mosaic of natural marshes, aquaculture ponds and agricultural wetlands maintained by the annual rainfall runoff.

It is heavily human-influenced, and includes a series of managed fishponds and cultivated crops such lotus and chestnut.

This management helps support a variety of flora, with species of plants recorded in the area. In this way, the Site is an example of wise use of a community-managed wetland, which provides food for people and supports local biodiversity.

Threatened species present include the vulnerable common pochard Aythya ferina and the endangered spotted pond turtle Geoclemys hamiltonii.

Wildlife Sanctuary. A natural eutrophic lake, situated between the two major river basins of the Godavari and the Krishna, fed by two seasonal rivers and a number of drains and channels, which functions as a natural flood balancing reservoir between the deltas of the two rivers.

It provides habitat for a number of resident and migratory birds, including declining numbers of the vulnerable Grey Pelican Pelecanus philippensis , and sustains both culture and capture fisheries, agriculture and related occupations of the people in the area.

Damage and losses due to flooding in monsoon seasons and partial drying out during summers, the results of inadequate management planning and action, are seen as areas for improvement.

Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region of the country, which is famous for the phumdis heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition floating over it.

Keibul Lamjao the only floating national park in the world floats over it. It is located near Moirang, Bishnupur district in Manipur state, India. A natural freshwater lake a relict sea that is the largest natural wetland in the Thar Desert Biogeographic Province and represents a dynamic environment with salinity and depth varying depending on rainfall.

The area is home to species of birds, with an average , individuals recorded there during the winter and 50, in the summer.

It is an important stopover site within the Central Asia Flyway, with globally threatened species such as the critically endangered Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius and the vulnerable Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris stopping over at the site during migration, while the vulnerable Sarus Crane Grus antigone takes refuge there during summer when other water bodies are dry.

The wetland is also a lifeline for a satellite population of the endangered Indian Wild Ass Equus hemionus khur which uses this area in the dry season.

Local communities heavily rely on the lake as it provides them with a source of drinking water and water for irrigiation, as well as an important source of income from fishing for Catla fish Catla Catla and Rohu Labeo rohita.

An average of 75, tourists visit the wetland annually. The Site is a mosaic of lakes, marshes and riparian forest on the Deccan Plateau.

Construction of the Nandur Madhameshwar Weir at the confluence of the Godavari and Kadwa Rivers helped create a thriving wetland: originally designed to overcome water shortages in the surrounding area, the Site now also serves as a buffer against floodwaters and as a biodiversity hotspot.

With species recorded, its diverse habitats contrast with the surrounding semi-arid conditions caused by the rain shadow of the Western Ghats mountain range.

It also provides sanctuary to critically endangered species including Deolali minnow Parapsilorhynchus prateri , Indian vulture Gyps indicus and white-rumped vulture Gyps bengalensis.

Invasive species including common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes threaten the Site, along with the effects of urban development and water abstraction.

Located in the Shiwalik foothills of Punjab is the highly eco-sensitive Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary, which supports abundant flora and fauna including threatened species, such as the endangered Indian pangolin Manis crassicaudata and Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus and the vulnerable leopard Panthera pardus.

It occupies a human-made reservoir constructed as part of the Bhakra-Nangal Project in More than half a million people downstream benefit from the reservoir as the flow of water is regulated, reducing the risks to both people and property from floods.

A shallow marshland 45 kilometres from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh. Monsoon rains feed this diverse wetland while the Sarda Canal supplies additional water.

The Sanctuary supports recreation and tourism activities as well as local biodiversity. It is a haven for birds, with 25, waterbirds regularly recorded and resident and migratory species documented.

Protection and afforestation measures have helped increase the overall diversity of wildlife, with golden jackal Canis aureus and jungle cat Felis chaus now present.

The highly invasive common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes poses a threat, as does the removal of timber from the forests.

India's economy became the world's fastest growing in the G20 developing nations in the last quarter of , replacing the People's Republic of China.

India has the fourth largest number of spoken languages per country in the world, only behind Papua New Guinea , Indonesia , and Nigeria. The first three religions came from the Indian subcontinent along with Jainism.

The National emblem of India shows four lions standing back-to-back. The lions symbolise power, pride, confidence, and courage bravery.

The name India comes from the Greek word, Indus. This came from the word sindhu , which in time turned into Hind or Hindi or Hindu.

The preferred native name or endonym is "Bharat" in Hindi and other Indian languages as contrasted with names from outsiders.

Some of the national symbols are:. Two of the main classical languages of the world Tamil language and Sanskrit language were born in India.

Both of these languages are more than years old. It made most of South Asia into one whole country. The influence of Cholas are still well noticeable in SE Asia.

Many dynasties ruled India around the year Some of these were the Mughal , Vijayanagara , and the Maratha empires. In the s, European countries invaded India, and the British controlled most of India by In the early s, millions of people peacefully started to protest against British control.

One of the people who led the freedom movement was Mahatma Gandhi , who only used peaceful tactics, including a way called " ahimsa ", which means "non-violence".

India's constitution was founded on 26 January Every year, on this day, Indians celebrate Republic Day. After , India had a socialist planned economy.

It has fought many wars since independence from Britain , including the wars in , , , and with Pakistan and in with China. It also fought a war to capture Goa , a Portuguese -built port and a city which was not a part of India until The Portuguese refused to give it to the country, and so India had to use force and the Portuguese were defeated.

India has also done nuclear tests in and , and it is one of the few countries that has nuclear bombs.

India is the largest democracy in the world. India's government is divided into three parts: the Legislative the one that makes the laws, the Parliament , the Executive the government , and the Judiciary the one that makes sure that the laws are obeyed, the supreme court.

The legislative branch is made up of the Parliament of India, which is in New Delhi , the capital of India. The Rajya Sabha has members, [35] and the Lok Sabha has members.

The President of India is elected for a period of five years. The President can choose the Prime Minister, who has most of the power. He is the 19th Prime Minister of India.

The president has less power than the prime minister. The judicial branch is made up of the courts of India, including the Supreme Court.

Supreme Court members have the power to stop a law being passed by Parliament if they think that the law is illegal and contradicts opposes the Constitution of India.

India is the seventh biggest country in the world. It is the main part of the Indian subcontinent.

It is also near Sri Lanka , an island country. India is a peninsula , which means that it is surrounded on three sides by water.

One of the seven wonders of the world is in Agra: the Taj Mahal. The northern part of India has many mountains. The most famous mountain range in India is the Himalayas , which have some of the tallest mountains in the world.

There are many rivers in India. India has different climates. There is very heavy rainfall along the west coast and in the Eastern Himalayan foothills.

The west, though, is drier. Because of some of the deserts of India, all of India gets rain for four months of the year.

That time is called the monsoon. That is because the deserts attract water-filled winds from the Indian Ocean, which give rain when they come into India.

When the monsoon rains come late or not so heavily, droughts when the land dries out because there is less rain are possible. Monsoons normally come around July - August.

The Indian Armed Forces is the military of India. It is made up of an Army , Navy and Air Force. There are other parts like Paramilitary and Strategic Nuclear Command.

The President of India is the Commander-in-Chief. However, it is managed by the Ministry of Defence. In , the Indian Armed Forces had 1. This makes it one of the largest militaries in the world.

The Indian Army is becoming more modern by buying and making new weapons. It is also building defenses against missiles of other countries.

For administration purposes, India has been divided into smaller pieces. Most of these pieces are called states , some are called union territories.

States and union territories are different in the way they are represented. Most union territories are ruled by administrators sent by the central government.

All the states, and the territories of Delhi, and Puducherry elect their local government themselves.

In total, there are twenty-eight states, and nine union territories. There are disputes about certain parts of the Indian borders.

Countries do not agree on where the borders are. China does not agree, and both mainland China and Taiwan do not recognize that Arunachal Pradesh belongs to India.

According to them, it is a part of South Tibet , which belongs to China. The economy of the country is among the world's fastest growing.

India's economy is based mainly on:. India's economy is diverse. Major industries include automobiles , cement , chemicals , consumer electronics , food processing , machinery , mining , petroleum , pharmaceuticals , steel , transportation equipment, and textiles.

However, despite economic growth, India continues to suffer from poverty. There are 1.

Ist Of India India Time and France Time Converter Calculator, India Time and France Time Conversion Table. Invest India ist die offizielle Dienststelle der indischen Regierung für die Förderung und Erleichterung von Investitionen in Indien. Sie soll die erste Anlaufstelle für. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Indian standard time" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Mitte Dezember eröffnen wir unser neues Restaurant im 3. Bezirk in der Marxergasse Unser erstes Lokal das Taste of India by Jhand & Nandha. For example, it supports key initiatives such as Smart Cities, Clean India and Skill India. GIZ, in close cooperation with Indian partners, devises tailor-made, jointly-​.

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Es gibt zurzeit in ganz Indien insgesamt Sonderwirtschaftszonen. Vielfältiger sind die Tourismus Bad Homburg des Dekkan. Juwelenspiele Kostenlos Online Abwahl der letzten Regierung im Jahr wird wesentlich mit der Unzufriedenheit der ländlichen Bevölkerung mit der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung erklärt. Die unterste Verwaltungsebene stellen die Dörfer selbst dar, die mitunter in sogenannten Hoblis zusammengefasst sein können. Volle Kontrolle über die Finanzen und Europäer blieb versagt. August Unabhängigkeitstag 2. Er kennt keinen einzelnen Religionsstifter, kein einheitliches Glaubensbekenntnis und keine religiöse Zentralbehörde. November im Internet Archive. Ihr Sohn Rajiv Gandhi übernahm die Regierungsgeschäfte, war aber Plz Post in der Lage, die von ihm geplanten Reformvorhaben wirkungsvoll umzusetzen. Dennoch ziehen viele Angehörige der Mittel- und Oberschicht gerade bei der höheren Ist Of India private Einrichtungen den staatlichen vor. In einigen Gebieten besteht Aktienhandel Einstieg erhöhte ErdbebengefahrCasino Ismaning im Himalayaden Nordoststaaten, West gujarat und der Region um Mumbai. Delhi ist kultureller Mittelpunkt der hindisprachigen Gemeinschaft des Nordens. Die ältesten erhaltenen Überreste indischer Architektur stammen aus der Induskulturdie sich hauptsächlich auf Free Apps Download For Android Phone Gebiet des heutigen Pakistanaber auch in Gujarat und dem indischen Ts Free Cams des Punjab ausbreitete. In: Systematic Biology. So wurden in der zweiten Jahreshälfte bei religiös motivierten Unruhen in Orissa mindestens 59 Christen getötet. Der Name Indien ist vom Strom Indus abgeleitet. Indien war mit seiner Hockey-Nationalmannschaft von bis unangefochten dominierend; bei diesen 8 Spielen gewann man 7-mal Gold und einmal Silber. Indien betreibt eine erhebliche konventionelle Aufrüstunggenauso wie China und andere asiatische Länder wie Pakistan.

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India-Location (part-2)..I.S.T of India, state through which Ist passes. Free Kartenspiele Ohne Anmeldung judicial branch is made up of the courts of India, including the Supreme Court. Ashtamudi Lake. India's economy is based mainly on:. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Retrieved 22 September Located in the northwest Himalayan biogeographic province of Kashmir, back of the Betatho Pir Panchal 1,m asl. The signals are based on atomic clocks and are synchronised with the worldwide system of clocks that support the Coordinated Ruleta Time. Mumbai und Chennai haben ein vergleichsweise Feet Games ausgebautes Zugnetz. In Politik und Staatsdienst sind sie unterrepräsentiert. Februar in Poker Spiel Pc Download Version in die Liste der exzellenten Artikel aufgenommen. Diese Bewilligung ist meistens drei Jahre gültig und erneuerbar. Ausändische Unternehmen können auch zusammen mit einem indischen oder einem anderen ausländischen Unternehmen Kartentrick 4 Karten Indien ein Joint-Venture errichten. Oktober das Übereinkommen von Paris. Als Indien seine Unabhängigkeit erlangte, lebten auch noch rund Mehrwertsteuer: Mehrwertsteuer wird auf den Verkauf von Gütern erhoben.

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary. Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary. Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary. Pong Dam Lake. Renuka Lake.

Ropar Wetland. Rudrasagar Lake. Saman Bird Sanctuary. Samaspur Bird Sanctuary. Sambhar Lake. Sandi Bird Sanctuary. Sarsai Nawar Jheel.

Sasthamkotta Lake. Surinsar-Mansar Lakes. Tso Moriri. Upper Ganga River. Vembanad-Kol Wetland. Wular Lake. Global Ecology and Conservation. Retrieved 31 March Retrieved Hidden categories: Articles containing potentially dated statements from February All articles containing potentially dated statements Lists of coordinates Geographic coordinate lists Articles with Geo.

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Protected areas Biosphere reserves Wildlife sanctuaries Conservation areas Private protected areas Reserved and protected forests Conservation and community reserves Communal forests Lists National parks Ramsar Sites.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap. A natural backwater in Kollam district. River Kallada and Pallichal drains into it. It forms an estuary with Sea at Neendakara which is a famous fishing harbour in Kerala.

National Waterway 3 passes through it. Most tastiest backwater fish in kerala, the Karimeen of kanjiracode Kayal is from Ashtamudi Lake.

The River meanders down from the Himalayan foothills to the Harike Headworks, where its course is diverted into a number of channels. The River is dotted with islands, sand bars and braided channels creating a complex environment supporting substantial biodiversity.

More than species of birds are documented along this stretch, along with more than 90 fish species. The Reserve also hosts the only known population in India of the endangered Indus river dolphin Platanista gangetica minor.

Further threatened species include the endangered masheer Tor putitora and hog deer Axis porcinus as well as the vulnerable smooth-coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata.

In , a programme was initiated to re-introduce the critically endangered gharial Gavialis gangeticus with 47 individuals released into the River 30 years after their disappearance.

The Department of Forests and Wildlife Preservation, Punjab, conduct the scientific management of the wetland. Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary , which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was created in September , and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal.

It is also famous for its salt water crocodiles and Olive ridley sea turtle. The Bhoj Wetland consists of two lakes located in the city of Bhopal, the capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

The two lakes are the Bhojtal and the Lower Lake, which lie to the west of the city center. It is a manmade reservoir.

A total of more than 20, birds are observed annually. Bhoj Wetland was recognized as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention of in White storks , black-necked storks , bar-headed geese , spoonbills , etc.

A recent phenomenon is the gathering of sarus cranes in the lake. The largest bird of India, the sarus crane Grus antigone is known for its size, majestic flight and lifetime pairing.

A high altitude lake on the upper Chandra valley flowing to the Chandra river of the Western Himalayas 4,m asl. These species, over the years, have developed special physiological features as adaption strategies to cold arid climate, intense radiation, and oxygen deficiency.

Other threatening factors to this fragile and sparse vegetation are summer trekking, littering waste, and lack of sanitation facilities. Since declaring the site a nationally important wetland in , the authorities have been providing funds for ecotourism facilities.

Spiti Forest Department is the custodian and State Council of Science, Technology and Environment is coordinating conservation management. Chilka Lake Chilika Lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1, km2.

It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world. The lagoon hosts over species of birds in the peak migratory season.

In , Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

In November , the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award was presented to the Chilika Development Authority for "outstanding achievements in the field of restoration and wise use of wetlands and effective participation of local communities in these activities.

White bellied sea eagles, greylag geese, purple moorhen, jacana, flamingos, egrets, gray and purple herons, Indian roller, storks, white ibis, spoonbills, brahminy ducks, shovellers, pintails, and more.

Nalbana Island is the core area of the Ramsar designated wetlands of Chilika Lake. Nalbana was notified in and declared a bird sanctuary in under the Wildlife Protection Act.

The Irrawaddy dolphin Orcaella brevirostris is the flagship species of Chilika lake. Chilka is home to the only known population of Irrawaddy dolphins in India[32] and one of only two lagoons in the world that are home to this species.

A permanent freshwater lake in a former channel of the Brahmaputra river, of great biological importance and also essential as the only major storm water storage basin for the city of Guwahati.

The beel is a staging site on migratory flyways and some of the largest concentrations of aquatic birds in Assam can be seen, especially in winter.

Some globally threatened birds are supported, including Spotbilled Pelican Pelicanus philippensis , Lesser and Greater Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos javanicus and dubius , and Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri.

The 50 fish species present provide livelihoods for a number of surrounding villages, and nymphaea nuts and flowers, as well as ornamental fish, medicinal plants, and seeds of the Giant water lily Euryale ferox provide major revenue sources in local markets; orchids of commercial value are found in the neighboring forest.

Potential threats include over-fishing and hunting pressure upon waterbirds, pollution from pesticides and fertilizers, and infestation by water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes.

A proposal to create a sewage canal from the city directly to the beel is considered to be disastrous in its potential effects.

West Bengal. World-renowned as a model of a multiple use wetland, the site's resource recovery systems, developed by local people through the ages, have saved the city of Kolkata from the costs of constructing and maintaining waste water treatment plants.

The wetland forms an urban facility for treating the city's waste water and utilizing the treated water for pisciculture and agriculture, through the recovery of nutrients in an efficient manner - the water flows through fish ponds covering about 4, ha, and the ponds act as solar reactors and complete most of their bio-chemical reactions with the help of solar energy.

Thus the system is described as "one of the rare examples of environmental protection and development management where a complex ecological process has been adopted by the local farmers for mastering the resource recovery activities" RIS.

The wetland provides about tons of fresh vegetables daily, as well as some 10, tons of table fish per year, the latter providing livelihoods for about 50, people directly and as many again indirectly.

The fish ponds are mostly operated by worker cooperatives, in some cases in legal associations and in others in cooperative groups whose tenurial rights are under legal challenge.

A potential threat is seen in recent unauthorized use of the waste water outfall channels by industries which add metals to the canal sludge and threaten the edible quality of the fish and vegetables.

Ramsar site no. Most recent RIS information: A shallow water reservoir with thirteen islands, at the confluence of two rivers.

An important site for breeding, wintering and staging birds, supporting over , Anatidae ducks, geese, swans, etc.

The entire lake is leased on an annual basis to commercial fishery organizations. Jammu and Kashmir. Located in the northwest Himalayan biogeographic province of Kashmir, back of the snow-draped Pir Panchal 1,m asl.

It is an important source of food, spawning ground and nursery for fishes, besides offering feeding and breeding ground to a variety of water birds.

Typical marshy vegetation complexes inhabit like Typha, Phragmites, Eleocharis, Trapa, and Nymphoides species ranging from shallow water to open water aquatic flora.

Sustainable exploitation of fish, fodder and fuel is significant, despite water withdrawals since Potential threats include recent housing facilities, littered garbage, and demand for increasing tourist facilities.

A permanent stream, the Kali Bein, converted by construction of a small barrage in into a water storage area for irrigation purposes.

The site fulfils Criteria 3 because of its importance in supporting a considerable diversity of aquatic, mesophytic, and terrestrial flora and fauna in the biogeographical region, and acts also as a key regulator of groundwater discharge and recharge with the seasons.

By this means and by direct abstraction of water for irrigation by the local population, the site plays a crucial role in the agriculture which predominates on the surrounding fertile plain, with fewer pressures upon water supplies than elsewhere in the Punjab.

The invasive water hyacinth is present and must be removed from time to time; increasing pollution levels, deforestation in the catchment area, and excessive grazing are seen as potential threats.

The stream is considered to be the most significant in the state from the religious point of view, as it is associated with the first guru of the Sikhs, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

The stream itself and surrounding marsh is under provincial ownership and surrounding areas privately owned.

The site is a center for environmental tourism and picnicking. A complex of ten artificial, seasonal lagoons, varying in size, situated in a densely populated region.

Vegetation is a mosaic of scrub and open grassland that provides habitat for breeding, wintering and staging migratory birds.

Also supported are five species of ungulates, four species of cats, and two species of primates, as well as diverse plants, fish and reptiles.

The canal provides water for agriculture and domestic consumption. Cattle and water buffalo graze on the site. A field research station exists.

Placed on the Montreux Record in due to "water shortage and an unbalanced grazing regime". Additionally, the invasive growth of the grass Paspalum distichum has changed the ecological character of large areas of the site, reducing its suitability for certain waterbird species, notably the Siberian crane.

The Reserve is a mosaic of natural marshes, aquaculture ponds and agricultural wetlands maintained by the annual rainfall runoff.

It is heavily human-influenced, and includes a series of managed fishponds and cultivated crops such lotus and chestnut.

This management helps support a variety of flora, with species of plants recorded in the area. In this way, the Site is an example of wise use of a community-managed wetland, which provides food for people and supports local biodiversity.

Threatened species present include the vulnerable common pochard Aythya ferina and the endangered spotted pond turtle Geoclemys hamiltonii. Wildlife Sanctuary.

A natural eutrophic lake, situated between the two major river basins of the Godavari and the Krishna, fed by two seasonal rivers and a number of drains and channels, which functions as a natural flood balancing reservoir between the deltas of the two rivers.

It provides habitat for a number of resident and migratory birds, including declining numbers of the vulnerable Grey Pelican Pelecanus philippensis , and sustains both culture and capture fisheries, agriculture and related occupations of the people in the area.

Damage and losses due to flooding in monsoon seasons and partial drying out during summers, the results of inadequate management planning and action, are seen as areas for improvement.

Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region of the country, which is famous for the phumdis heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition floating over it.

Keibul Lamjao the only floating national park in the world floats over it. It is located near Moirang, Bishnupur district in Manipur state, India.

A natural freshwater lake a relict sea that is the largest natural wetland in the Thar Desert Biogeographic Province and represents a dynamic environment with salinity and depth varying depending on rainfall.

The area is home to species of birds, with an average , individuals recorded there during the winter and 50, in the summer.

It is an important stopover site within the Central Asia Flyway, with globally threatened species such as the critically endangered Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius and the vulnerable Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris stopping over at the site during migration, while the vulnerable Sarus Crane Grus antigone takes refuge there during summer when other water bodies are dry.

The wetland is also a lifeline for a satellite population of the endangered Indian Wild Ass Equus hemionus khur which uses this area in the dry season.

Local communities heavily rely on the lake as it provides them with a source of drinking water and water for irrigiation, as well as an important source of income from fishing for Catla fish Catla Catla and Rohu Labeo rohita.

An average of 75, tourists visit the wetland annually. The Site is a mosaic of lakes, marshes and riparian forest on the Deccan Plateau.

Construction of the Nandur Madhameshwar Weir at the confluence of the Godavari and Kadwa Rivers helped create a thriving wetland: originally designed to overcome water shortages in the surrounding area, the Site now also serves as a buffer against floodwaters and as a biodiversity hotspot.

With species recorded, its diverse habitats contrast with the surrounding semi-arid conditions caused by the rain shadow of the Western Ghats mountain range.

It also provides sanctuary to critically endangered species including Deolali minnow Parapsilorhynchus prateri , Indian vulture Gyps indicus and white-rumped vulture Gyps bengalensis.

Invasive species including common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes threaten the Site, along with the effects of urban development and water abstraction.

Located in the Shiwalik foothills of Punjab is the highly eco-sensitive Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary, which supports abundant flora and fauna including threatened species, such as the endangered Indian pangolin Manis crassicaudata and Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus and the vulnerable leopard Panthera pardus.

It occupies a human-made reservoir constructed as part of the Bhakra-Nangal Project in For administration purposes, India has been divided into smaller pieces.

Most of these pieces are called states , some are called union territories. States and union territories are different in the way they are represented.

Most union territories are ruled by administrators sent by the central government. All the states, and the territories of Delhi, and Puducherry elect their local government themselves.

In total, there are twenty-eight states, and nine union territories. There are disputes about certain parts of the Indian borders.

Countries do not agree on where the borders are. China does not agree, and both mainland China and Taiwan do not recognize that Arunachal Pradesh belongs to India.

According to them, it is a part of South Tibet , which belongs to China. The economy of the country is among the world's fastest growing.

India's economy is based mainly on:. India's economy is diverse. Major industries include automobiles , cement , chemicals , consumer electronics , food processing , machinery , mining , petroleum , pharmaceuticals , steel , transportation equipment, and textiles.

However, despite economic growth, India continues to suffer from poverty. There are 1. Experts think that by the year , India will be the first.

There are many different languages and cultures in India. The only geographical place with more different languages and cultures is the African continent.

Other languages spoken in India come from the Austro-Asiatic group. Hindi is the official language in India with the largest number of speakers. English is also used, mostly for business and in the administration.

It has the status of a 'subsidiary official language'. Either many people speak those languages, or they have been recognised to be very important for Indian culture.

The number of dialects in India is as high as 1, India has 23 official languages. Its constitution lists the name of the country in each of the languages.

Cave paintings from the Stone Age are found across India. They show dances and rituals and suggest there was a prehistoric religion. During the Epic and Puranic periods, the earliest versions of the epic poems Ramayana and Mahabharata were written from about — BCE, [64] although these were orally transmitted for centuries before this period.

Several modern religions are linked to India, [67] namely modern Hinduism , Jainism , Buddhism and Sikhism. All of these religions have different schools ways of thinking and traditions that are related.

As a group they are called the Eastern religions. The Indian religions are similar to one another in many ways: The basic beliefs, the way worship is done and several religious practices are very similar.

These similarities mainly come from the fact that these religions have a common history and common origins.

They also influenced each other. The religion of Hinduism is the main faith followed by India sent a spacecraft to Mars for the first time in That made it the third country and only Asian country to do so, successfully.

India is the only country to be successful in its very first attempt to orbit Mars. It was called the Mars Orbiter Mission. ISRO launched satellites in a single mission to create world record.

India became the first nation in the world to have launched over a hundred satellites in one mission. That was more than the Russian record of 37 satellites in a single launch.

India has the largest movie industry in the world. It makes 1, movies a year, about twice as many as Hollywood. Indians have excelled in Hockey.

They have also won eight gold, one silver and two bronze medals at the Olympic games. However, cricket is the most popular sport in India.

There is also the Indian cricket league and Indian premier league Twenty20 competitions. Tennis has become popular due to the victories of the India Davis Cup team.

Chess , which comes from India, is also becoming popular. This is with the increase in the number of Indian Grandmasters. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the Republic of India. For other uses, see India disambiguation. State emblem. Area controlled by India shown in dark green; regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.

Hindi English [b] [7]. State level and Eighth Schedule [8]. Panthera tigris tigris Royal Bengal Tiger national animal. Pavo cristatus Peacock national bird.

Nelumbonucifera Lotus national flower. Ficus benghalensis Banyan national tree. Main article: History of India. Main article: Indian Armed Forces.

Main article: Economy of India. Religion in India [63] Religion Percent Hinduism. Main article: Sports in India. Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 1 March Archived from the original on 17 April Retrieved 7 June Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 23 August National Informatics Centre in Hindi.

Archived from the original on 8 November Retrieved 1 December Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Retrieved 26 December Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 17 June Archived from the original PDF on 30 April International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 30 October United Nations Development Programme. Archived from the original on 10 June Retrieved 14 January Retrieved 10 December Retrieved 29 August Retrieved Sanil Current Science.

Federation of American Scientists. DNA India. India Today. Retrieved 11 January The Times of India. The Economic Times. World Heritage List.

Retrieved 28 September The World Heritage List includes properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value.

The Hindu. Suni System Ltd. Dorling Kindersly Limited. Ahluwalia Journal of Economic Perspectives. Manorama Yearbook Malayala Manorama.

Library of Congress - Federal Research Division. December The Economist Newspaper Limited. Retrieved 6 November

Ist Of India - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Nachdem Vasco da Gama den Seeweg nach Indien entdeckt hatte und so der lukrative Indienhandel für Europäer zugänglich wurde, begann Portugal ab kleinere Küstenstützpunkte zur Kontrolle der Handelsrouten zu erobern bzw. In Südindien entwickelte sich als erstes Tamil zur klassischen Literatursprache. Dezember ]. Juli im Internet Archive In: Süddeutsche. Im Zuge der zunehmenden internationalen wirtschaftlichen Verflechtung Indiens war das Land ab ebenfalls von der weltweiten Wirtschaftskrise betroffen.